CFIT Avoidance

Controlled Flight into Terrain Avoidance (CFIT, TAWS, and ALAR)

The Controlled Flight into Terrain Avoidance (CFIT, TAWS, and ALAR) course provides pilots with introductory and refresher training in avoiding controlled flight into terrain and approach and landing accidents, as well as functions of Terrain Avoidance Warning Systems. The course is available for both fixed wing and rotor wing aircraft.

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Description

Controlled Flight into Terrain Avoidance (CFIT, TAWS, and ALAR) highlights the risk of CFIT and how to avoid it. This course identifies the leading causes of controlled flight into terrain and approach and landing accidents. It covers preventative measures to reduce accident rates, such as avionics systems, standard operating procedures, and using a stabilized approach.

This course also ensures that pilots clearly understand TAWS functions, what alerts may occur, and how to respond to them. Additionally, we address common issues with TAWS, such as Nuisance Alerts, and when it is appropriate to inhibit the TAWS. 

For Part 135, Part 125, and Part 91 pilot training, our Controlled Flight into Terrain Avoidance (CFIT, TAWS, and ALAR) course provides a foundation of knowledge and understanding for pilots and crewmembers to avoid controlled flight into terrain and approach and landing accidents, as well as how to utilize the TAWS unit in their aircraft.

Topics Addressed
  • Causes of CFIT and ALA
  • Situational Awareness
  • SOPs, CRM and the importance of Checklists and Briefings
  • Communication with ATC
  • Minimum Safe Altitude
  • Flying Environments
  • Illusions and other hazards
  • Stabilized Approach
  • Pro-active Go-arounds and Rejected Landings
  • Types of TAWS and training requirements
  • TAWS alerts and how to respond to them
  • Nuisance Alerts and Inhibiting TAWS
  • TAWS Function and Databases

Requirements and Resources

  • AC 61-134
  • AC 91-79A
  • AC 23-18
  • AC 25-23
  • 14 CFR 91.223
  • 14 CFR 135.154
  • 14 CFR 121.354
  • 14 CFR 125.23

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